El territorio del parque está sujeto a un plan de manejo en el que se identifican diferentes áreas de protección, donde se condicionan las actividades o el acceso, en función de la importancia y sensibilidad de los valores naturales existentes:
Natural Environment Area, where human presence is reduced and ecosystems remain little altered by man. The protection regime in this area can be:
- Total protection area
- Type I partial protection area
- Type II partial protection area
Rural Environment Area, where most human activities occur, with two levels of protection:
- Zona de protección suplementaria tipo I
- Type II complementary protection area
The flora and fauna of the Peneda-Gêres National Park
Geres is a spectacular place due to the diversity of landscapes and lush vegetation of the deciduous forest, light or dark green, copper or brown tones cut in backlight, depending on the season.
The Flora of Peneda-Geres
The vegetation cover of the Gerês, Amarela, Peneda and Soajo mountains and the Mourela and Castro Laboreiro plateaus is dominated by:
- oak trees;
- shrub formations;
- riparian vegetation.
The Fauna of Peneda-Geres
The Corso is the symbol of the PNPG and is well represented here, with several population groups in a favorable situation.
River trout is abundant and the eel is commercially endangered. There are also the Water Mole, the otter, the water blackbird, the water lizard, the Iberian frog and the Portuguese salamander.
The diversity of birds varies throughout the year and in the various areas of the Park. The golden eagle, the red-billed rook, the eagle owl, the abelheiro and anarceia hawk, are some of the birds present in the Park and which have conservation status. The anarceja is found in the Peneda-Geres National Park, the only known breeding site in Portugal.